Briefly about e with accent
É, é (e-acute) is a letter from the Latin alphabet that was found in Catalan, Afrikaans, Czech, Dutch, Danish, French, Emilian-Romagnol, English, Icelandic, Galician, and Hungarian. Besides, the "e with accent" letter is quite common in the following languages, like Irish, Luxembourgish, Italian, Kashubian, Occitan, Portuguese, Slovak, Navajo, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish, Welsh, and Vietnamese languages, as a variant of the letter "e," often commonly called "e with an accent."
In the English language, the letter w with an accent is observed as a pronunciation aid in so-called loanwords in highly formal writing, such as résumé from French or romanizations, like Pokémon from Japanese. However, this may be found not commonly, mostly in casual writing or in some formal writing types. That is also the same case with the Navajo and Dutch languages.
Capital É or small é letters are used for /ɤ/ song with a rising tone ([ɤ̌]) in Pinyin, that is a romanization system for Standard Chinese. The stressed "e" is also used in Indonesian dictionaries to signify /e/, in contrast with the letter E, e /ə/.
Usage of e with accent in various languages
- Czech and Slovak languages.
“É” is the 9th letter of the Slovak and Czech alphabet and represents /ɛː/.
- Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish.
In these languages, the letter "é" is used to note that a terminal syllable with the vowel "e" is stressed. The letter is often used when it changes the meaning. Besides, Danish uses "é" in loanwords to mean /i/.
- Dutch language.
Like in English, the letter e with an accent is respected when writing foreign words. It is mainly used to differentiate the article "een," similar to "a" and "an" in English. The "e with an accent" is also used to add some visual stress on words in the same way the English language might use italics.
- English language.
In English, the letter e with accent has several uses, mainly in words of French origin, such as résumé, sauté, née, fiancée, and coupé names like Beyoncé, JonBenét, Breneé, and Théo.
- French language.
The letter é contrasts with the letter è pronounced as /ɛ/.
- Hungarian language.
The letter e with the accent - É is the 10th letter of the Hungarian language alphabet and is pronounced as /eː/.
- Spanish language.
In Spanish, it is an accented one pronounced like "e" /e/. The accent indicates the stressed syllable with irregular stress in words, as in "bebé" and "éxtasis."
- Vietnamese language.
In the Vietnamese language, the letter "é" with accent indicates the rising tone. It may also be combined with the letter "ê" to form "ế."
How to type e with accent
If you want to type the accented letter "e," you can use its Unicode characters. For the capital e with accent letter, you should use the Unicode in decimal or hex, for example, decimal 201; hex U+00C9, and you will see É. The small e with accent letter use decimal 233; or hex U+00E9, and you will see - é.
There are some useful and easy ways to type the letter e with accent in various devices, such as:
- Microsoft Windows users may type an "é" through Alt+0233 or Alt+130 on the keyboard's numeric pad. The letter e with the accent is typed by pressing the following buttons, such as Alt+144 or Alt+0201.
- On keyboard layouts of US International and UK English, users can type - "é" by typing the button - AltGR+E. That method is applied to multiple other acute accented letters that do not appear on the standard US English keyboard layout.
- In MS Word, users may press the button Ctrl+' (apostrophe), then press the letter E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or just "É."
- On macOS, users should press ⌥ Option+E, and then the letter E or ⇧ Shift+E for "é" or just "É."
- When using a compose key, users should hold the Compose button and then hit ' (apostrophe) E for "é" or Compose ' (apostrophe) ⇧ Shift+E for "É."
- When using a standard Android, iOS keyboard, or Windows Mobile, users should hold the letter E key until special characters appear on the screen, then they should slide to the letter é, and release the keyboard button.