Root Symbols & Alt and HTML Codes

The root symbol is also known as the radical symbol or radix. It is the symbol for the square root of a number or its higher-order root. In advanced math, it has other meanings like radical of the ideal. There is no certain knowledge of when the root sign was used for the first time. Some historians speculate that it was used for the first time by Arab mathematicians in the 15th century.

Other scholars believe that it originated from the Latin letter r, which is the first letter in the word radix (means root) referring to the same mathematical operation.

How to use and type Root symbol code?

  • If your keyboard contains separate NumPad, you should be sure that it is enabled. If it is not, press the Num Lock key to activate it then press hold down the Alt key on the left side. Type the number that represents that character or the symbol you want to insert and then release the insert key.
  • For example, for the greek letter omega Ω press and hold Alt and the type 0234 and then release.
  • There is another method that works only for word documents. In this method, you should type the characters first then press Alt and X. For example ( 0234 + Alt + X for greek letter omega ).
  • If you have a keyboard that doesn't have NumPad here is what will work for you. Find the Function key ( FN ) then presses and hold the function key while holding press and release Num LK key; then release FN key. This method will activate the numeric keypad in your laptop.
  • Then do the same steps as in the previous example.
  • Notice that in IBM code you don't use 0 (Alt + 255 ) before the code which is different from the windows generator that requires to add 0 (Alt + 0255 ) before the code.

Table of Symbols and Codes

Symbol Title / Description Unicode Code / HTML Code
Cube Root ∛ ∛
Square Root √ √
Fourth Root ∜ ∜

Something doesn't work?

  • The Num lock should always be enabled. If it is disabled when you are attempting an alt code, it may cause errors or unexpected results in some applications. For example, Alt+4 could be interpreted as Alt +, ← which causes the browser to go back if the Num lock is disabled.
  • If your laptop keyboard doesn't have a separate NumPad, you should hold FN button with Alt button while typing the code.
  • This method does not work for Linux system, but it is possible to use Unicode.

Other Math Symbols

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